Stratégies de lutte biologique contre les insectes invasifs (Résumé)

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dc.contributor.author Kenis, Marc -
dc.contributor.author Hurley, Brett P. -
dc.contributor.author Hajek, Ann E. -
dc.contributor.author Cock, Matthew J.W. -
dc.date.accessioned 2019-08-01T14:26:49Z
dc.date.available 2019-08-01T14:26:49Z
dc.date.issued 2018 -
dc.identifier.citation Kenis, Marc ; Hurley, Brett P. ; Hajek, Ann E. ; Cock, Matthew J.W.. Stratégies de lutte biologique contre les insectes invasifs (Résumé). Revue Forestière Française, 2018, 70, 6, p. 605-606 -
dc.identifier.issn 1951-6827 -
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/2042/70309
dc.description.abstract The most widely used of the various approaches to biological control of invasive insects is so-called “conventional” biological control, which consists in introducing natural enemies (parasitoids, predators or pathogens) that originate from the same region as the insect. This approach is particularly well-suited to controlling forest insects because they reduce the pest population directly and lastingly all over the invaded territory. In addition to providing a description of the various stages of a biological control programme, the presentation provided answers to questions often brought up about this type of biocontrol, concentrating particularly on forest tree and woody plant pests. Information supplied by two databases was presented: the BIOCAT2010 base that records all introductions of parasitoids and predators for the purpose of controlling the insects. Another base relating to the entomopathogens used against insects. Up to 2010, more than 6 000 introductions of parasitoids and predators were carried out, targeting 588 species of insects, achieving control over 172 of those insects. Approximately 55 % of these introductions targeted woody plant pests. The rate of establishment of the natural enemies and success rates were higher for woody plant pests than for other pests. The presentation compared the success rates under various production systems and for various groups of woody plants for different orders of insect pests and for different categories of natural enemies. Trends over time since the beginning of conventional biological control at the end of the 19th century were also presented, together with the economic benefits, the risks of the strategy and the measures implemented to limit the latter. Finally, the outlook and obstacles relating to future biocontrol practices in Europe were discussed. en
dc.language.iso fr -
dc.publisher AgroParisTech, Nancy, France -
dc.relation.ispartofseries Revue Forestière Française -
dc.rights Accès libre - Licence d'utilisation : http://irevues.inist.fr/utilisation -
dc.source Revue Forestière Française [Rev. For. Fr.], ISSN 0035-2829, 2018, 70, 6, p. 605-606 -
dc.title Stratégies de lutte biologique contre les insectes invasifs (Résumé) fr
dc.title.alternative Strategies for Biological Control of Invasive Insects en
dc.type Article -
dc.contributor.affiliation CABI, 1 rue des grillons, CH-2800 DELÉMONT, SUISSE -
dc.contributor.affiliation Department of Zoology and Entomology, FORESTRY AND AGRICULTURAL BIOTECHNOLOGY, INSTITUTE (FABI), University of Pretoria, 0002 PRETORIA, AFRIQUE DU SUD -
dc.contributor.affiliation Department of Entomology, CORNELL UNIVERSITY, 2130 Cornstock Hall, ITHACA NY 14853, ÉTATS-UNIS -
dc.contributor.affiliation CABI, Bakeham Lane, EGHAM, Surrey TW209TY, ROYAUME-UNI -
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.4267/2042/70309


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