Stratégies de lutte biologique contre les insectes invasifs (Résumé)

Show full item record

Files in this item

PDF RFF_2018_70_6_605_Kenis.pdf 123.2Kb

Pour citer ce document :
URI:  |   DOI :
Title: Stratégies de lutte biologique contre les insectes invasifs (Résumé)
Author: Kenis, Marc; Hurley, Brett P.; Hajek, Ann E.; Cock, Matthew J.W.
Abstract: The most widely used of the various approaches to biological control of invasive insects is so-called “conventional” biological control, which consists in introducing natural enemies (parasitoids, predators or pathogens) that originate from the same region as the insect. This approach is particularly well-suited to controlling forest insects because they reduce the pest population directly and lastingly all over the invaded territory. In addition to providing a description of the various stages of a biological control programme, the presentation provided answers to questions often brought up about this type of biocontrol, concentrating particularly on forest tree and woody plant pests. Information supplied by two databases was presented: the BIOCAT2010 base that records all introductions of parasitoids and predators for the purpose of controlling the insects. Another base relating to the entomopathogens used against insects. Up to 2010, more than 6 000 introductions of parasitoids and predators were carried out, targeting 588 species of insects, achieving control over 172 of those insects. Approximately 55 % of these introductions targeted woody plant pests. The rate of establishment of the natural enemies and success rates were higher for woody plant pests than for other pests. The presentation compared the success rates under various production systems and for various groups of woody plants for different orders of insect pests and for different categories of natural enemies. Trends over time since the beginning of conventional biological control at the end of the 19th century were also presented, together with the economic benefits, the risks of the strategy and the measures implemented to limit the latter. Finally, the outlook and obstacles relating to future biocontrol practices in Europe were discussed.
Publisher: AgroParisTech, Nancy, France
Date: 2018

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record

Advanced Search