Nanostructured Immunosensors. Application to the detection of Progesterone

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2042/6794
Title: Nanostructured Immunosensors. Application to the detection of Progesterone
Author: Pingarrón J.M.; Yáñez-Sedeño P.; González-Cortés A.; Carralero V.
Abstract: Nanostructured electrodes. Immunosensor. ProgesteroneA novel nanostructured electrochemical immunsensor for the determination of progesterone is reported. The approach combines the properties of gold nanoparticles with the use of a graphite-Teflon composite electrode matrix, into which gold nanoparticles are incorporated by simple physical inclusion. The antibody anti-progesterone was directly attached to the electrode surface. The immunosensor functioning is based on competitive assay between progesterone and alkaline phosphatase-labelled progesterone. Monitoring of the affinity reaction was accomplished by the electrochemical oxidation of 1-naphtol. Modification of the graphite -Teflon electrode matrix with gold nanoparticles improves substantially the electrooxidation response of 1-naphtol. Using a detection potential of +0.3V, a detection limit for progesterone of 0.84 ng ml-1 was obtained. Analysis of seven milk samples spiked at a 3.5 ng ml-1 progesterone concentration level yielded a mean recovery of 101+6%. Detection of the antigen-antibody reaction with a graphite - Teflon - colloidal - gold - Tyrosinase electrode, using phenylphosphate as alkaline phosphatase substrate to generate phenol, which is subsequently reduced at -0.1 V at the composite electrode, produced a high improvement in the sensitivity for progesterone detection
Subject: Nanostructured electrodes. Immunosensor. Progesterone
Publisher: TIMA Editions , Grenoble, France
Date: 2006

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