SLPI (secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor)

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Title: SLPI (secretory leukocyte peptidase inhibitor)
Author: Ambrosi, Nella; Guerrieri, Diego; Caro, Fiorella; Barbieri Kennedy, Micaela; Sanchez, Francisco
Abstract: Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor (SLPI) functionality in health and disease: Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor (SLPI) is a serine protease inhibitor of cathepsin G, trypsin and chymotrypsin, but primarily against neutrophil elastase. Its major function is to inhibit inflammation by blocking the proteolytic activity of these proteinases released by leukocytes and also through down-modulation of several cytokines. The anti-inflammatory activity is also mediated by inhibition of the activation of the transcription nuclear factor NF-kB. Some studies localized the molecule within the cytosol and in secondary granules of neutrophils. Because of this, it is believed that neutrophil-derived SLPI may regulate the protease/antiprotease balance at sites of tissue inflammation. In relation with the adaptive immune system, it was suggested that SLPI modulates the cellular and humoral immune response, by decreasing the T cell proliferation and reducing the class switching. Also, it is known that this polycationic non-glycosylated peptide, displays anti-microbial properties against bacteria, viruses (in particular HIV) and fungus. In summary, the SLPI is a pleitropic molecule, implicated in physiological and pathological events, such as wound healing, pregnancy, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cancer, ischemia reperfusion injury and stroke, among others. Their detection in serum and biological fluids may be useful as a biomarker to diagnosis and prognosis for certain diseases.
Subject: SLPI; antimicrobial activity; anti-inflammatory activity; anti-tumoral activity; Genes Section; Adult; Animals; Female; Humans; Male; Mice; Mice, Knockout; Neutrophils/*metabolism; Psoriasis/immunology; Secretory Leukocyte Peptidase Inhibitor/genetics/*physiology; Adult; Cervix Uteri/*immunology/metabolism/pathology; Elafin/biosynthesis/*immunology; Female; Gene Expression Regulation/*immunology
Publisher: Jean-Loup Huret (Editor-in-Chief)
Date: 2016

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