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An active chaotic micromixer integrating thermal actuation associating PDMS and silicon microtechnology (TIMA Editions , Grenoble, France, 2006)Due to scaling laws, in microfluidic, flows are laminar. Consequently, mixing between two liquids is mainly obtained by natural diffusion which may take a long time or equivalently requires centimetre length channels. To reduce time and length for mixing, it is possible to generate chaotic-like flows either by modifying the channel geometry or by creating an external perturbation of the flow. In this paper, an active micromixer is presented consisting on thermal actuation with heating resistors. In order to disturb the liquid flow, an oscillating transverse flow is generated by heating the liquid. Depending on the value of boiling point, either bubble expansion or volumetric dilation controlled the transverse flow amplitude. A chaotic like mixing is then induced under particular conditions depending on volume expansion, liquid velocity, frequency of actuation... This solution presents the advantage to achieve mixing in a very short time (1s) and along a short channel distance (channel width). It can also be integrated in a more complex device due to actuator integration with microfluidics....