A simple technique to establish sequences of datums and to highlight transgressive–regressive cycles

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2042/58207  |   DOI : 10.4267/2042/58207
Title: A simple technique to establish sequences of datums and to highlight transgressive–regressive cycles
Author: Guex, Jean; Galster, Federico
Abstract: The relative diachronism of first or last local occurrences (FOs and LOs) of fossil species may highlight transgressive/regressive cycles. A simple technique allowing the extraction of this information by means of the UAgraph program is discussed in the present paper. The technique consists in modifying a usual database of UAgraph by augmenting it with the restricted data concerning only the FOs (or LOs) of the taxa under consideration. The resulting data set combines the information on total ranges and those concerning the FOs and LOs only. Calculating the UAs of such a duplicated database produce a range chart in which we can read the maximal ranges of all the taxa and, in addition, the biochronological dispersion of the FOs and LOs. For a given transgressive/regressive cycle, the UAs defined by the species related to sea level fluctuations migrate with time from distal to proximal sections and inversely. This trend can be detected visually by the means of the UAs reproducibility chart, output of the UAgraph program. In a more general frame, the same holds true for species whose regional dispersion is related to specific conditions and when these conditions migrate in space with time (e.g., water temperatures and diatoms). The above discussion is strictly related to FOs and LOs that for a given section are definitive, however well constrained ephemeral appearances and disappearances can be easily integrated in the database for the same purposes.Le diachronisme des premières et dernières occurrences (FOs et LOs) des espèces fossiles permettent dans certains cas de mettre en évidence des cycles transgressifs et régressifs. Nous décrivons ici une technique simple pour extraire ces informations avec l'aide du programme UAgraph. Cette technique consiste à dédoubler la base usuelle de données stratigraphiques en considérant simultanément les extensions stratigraphiques totales des espèces en y ajoutant l'information sur leurs premières occurrences locales. Si l'on calcule les associations unitaires d'une telle base de données, on obtient simultanément une vision claire des durées d'existences globales des espèces et le diachronisme des FOs (ou LOs) qui leur sont associées. Ces résultats complémentaires permettent d'affiner la recherche de cycles sédimentaires dans les données initiales en augmentant le pouvoir de résolution du programme UAgraph.
Subject: diachronism of datums; transgressive/regressive cycles; Deboo; UAgraph program; Diachronisme de points de références; cycles transgressifs-regressifs; Deboo; programme UAgraph
Publisher: Carnets de Géologie [Notebooks on Geology]
Date: 2016-01-14

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