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||Bioenergy in Africa – Time for a Shift?
DENRUYTER, J.-P.; ROBERNTZ, P.; SOSOVELE, H.; RANDRIANTIANA, I.; MÁTHÉ, L.; OGORZALEK, K.
||Mankind has always depended on biomass to satisfy its basic needs for
heating and cooking. This is still true today, especially for people in
developing countriesi. Biomass still provides cooking fuel for 2,4 billion
peopleii and a vast majority of African people depend on it for their energy
needs. However, the increasing energy demand, the oen non sustainable
extraction rates, inefficient production methods and hazardous usages lead
to negative health impacts and other social and environmental
Simultaneously, several African countries are considered as future
strongholds of modern bioenergy production, due to their perceived vast
amounts of available land. Bioenergy is one of the major components of a
sustainable energy future but as such it becomes a driver for increased land use.
As a result, Sub-Saharan Africa is confronted with an increased need for
biomass production both domestically and from other parts of the world,
whether for electricity, transport or heat purposes. To secure a sustainable
development of this resource requires strong local and regional
This paper analyses the barriers and conditions to successfully mainstream
responsible bioenergy development in Africa and suggests a way forward
for a sustainable development of the sector. Furthermore, it focuses on
actions that governments and companies can take in order to ensure
bioenergy sustainability. It also highlights some examples of positive
moves. More comprehensive information on WWF’s global stance on
bioenergy can be found in WWF’s Global Bioenergy Position Paperiv.
||bioénergie; biocarburant; biomasse; développement durable; politiques; contexte africain; bioenergy; biofuel; biomass; sustainable development policies; Africa energie context
||2IE, Institut International d'Ingénierie de l'Eau et de l'Environnement