L'enseignement à l'École des Eaux et Forêts et la carrièreforestière

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URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2042/33491
Title: L'enseignement à l'École des Eaux et Forêts et la carrièreforestière
Author: Guinier, Philibert
Abstract: THE TEACHINGAT THE " ÉCOLE DES EAUX ET FORETS" AND THE FORESTRY CAREER - At the beginning of the two years course at the " École desEaux et Forêts ", the custom is to explain to the students thepurpose of the studies and the curriculum of the teaching.The forest, which is the subject of the forester's activities, isa plants community, maintained in proper balance by the actionof the ecologic factors and in which the intervention of theforester can only aim at extension : he has to follow Nature.From the economic point of view, on account of the way treesgrow, the revenue gets incorporated into the capital, and so itis very difficult to determine it. From the legal point of view,a forest is a property of somewhat special nature.The forester's art gives the different ways for forest utilisation.It is based on the forest sciences, the different branchesof which are designated : Sylviculture, Forest Economics, ForestTechnology, Dendrometry, Forest Geography. The forestsciences are founded on fundamental sciences, among whichapplied natural sciences take the principal place. These areforest botany, with which may be connected botanical geography;forest pathology (study of the diseases of trees and wood),and wood technology (study of wood as a raw material). Forestzoology and forest soil science also play an essential part.For forest management, the forester needs knowledge takenout of the Engineering Art, which is derived from Mathematics(Topography, Road building, Sawmills and Woodworkingmachines), and also legal knowledge (Legislation and Administration).In France, foresters also attend to mountains reconstitution,the methods of which originated and are particularly well developed in France : in this field, they have to apply the art of theforester and that of the engineer.Finally, they give their attention to the exploitation of riversand brooks by fishing (Aquiculture), to shooting and hunting,necessitating special studies.Moreover, the teaching includes German and English languagesespecially from the point of view of technical terms.The School curriculum is summed up in a general schedule.It is a school of applied studies. Most of the students aregraduates of the Institut national agronomique ". The studiesare therefore strictly applied to questions of forestry. Theteaching is above all practical : a large part is made to work inthe fields giving application of the methods taught, and to excursionsfor the study of the woods.Certain mental equipment is necessary for the exercise of thecareer of a forester, and advice is given to prospective studentsas to the methods of works to adopt in order to take full advantageof the teaching.
Publisher: ENEF, Ecole nationale des eaux et forêts, Nancy (FRA)
Date: 1932

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