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Le rapport de la balance des paiements à l’éligibilité aux capitaux extérieurs - le cas de l’Algérie (1998-2002) (Institut CEDIMES, Nogent sur Marne (FRA), 2009)On the eve of this new millennium, most of the equipments acquired by the Algerian economic public enterprises twenty or twenty five years ago were, for the greater part, either out of order, or completely exceeded by the technology. To put on the national economic device, the State still needed capital and it could not count notably on the savings of the national agents, in particular the households, because their purchasing power did not allow it. The only possible way was the one of the outside loan and the foreign direct investments (IDE). Because more than 90 % on average of its exports of goods consists of exports of hydrocarbons, Algeria realized the weakness of its comebacks in international currencies. It was necessary to it to foresee new contributions from the outside. For that purpose, it was necessary to it to be eligible on new credits. Now, to grant credit means relying. But, on the international plan, Banks and financial bodies had decided to classify countries according to the incurred risk and Algeria was still badly classified. Only the outside state of the balance of payments could maybe justify the possibility of an outside loan. In what could the analysis of its balance of outside payments justify the eligibility of Algeria on new credits in this time? Is the accounting approach of the balance of payments capable of enlightening us on this subject? The objective of this work is to present the results obtained by the monetary prospecting and the accounting approach of the balance of payments according to the model of Polak on all these questions relative to the Algerian economy....